items have been in human use since time immemorial. Although
history of Nepalese handicraft too goes back to centuries,
there is no unanimity on the exact beginning of the art. In
fact, the country has something unique, which includes object
made from mud to wood to brass and cupper. No piece of handicraft
is devoid of inherent meaning. In fact every piece has element
of culture and identity and of course religion inwrought in
it. Further, it is handicraft, which has preserved the culture.
feature of Nepalese handicraft items is eroticism, which can
he found in carvings on struts decorating temples. Let us
go back into the history. Actually, stone carving goes to
Lichhavi period. Similarly, the Malla period is known for
woodcarvings. Take note of carvings decorating the temples
and the stupas made in the pagoda style. There had been, however
a relative degree of inaction in the field during the Malla
of Nepal with a few exception is based on the religious themes
taken from Buddhism and Hinduism. Nepal's history of Art has
been influenced since earliest times by the Newars. The renowned
Artist and architect, Arniko (1245-1306 A.D.), who came from
Patan, carried their craft and Artistic skillbeyond the borders
of Nepal to Tibet and China as well. The Art history of Nepal
is divided into five major periods.
Art until 200.A.D. Licchavi Art 200 to 800 The transitional
period 800 to1200 Early Malla Art 1200to1400 Late Malla Art
1400 to 1768. Some terra-cotta figures from the period
indicate the high - quality Artisticworkmanship was already
period has left us hundreds of stone sculptures which the
deep Artistic achievement and talent of the people of the
time. The sculptures demonstrate not only their deep religious
roots but also the harmonies and integration of the two religions.
Hinduism and Buddhism in Nepal. The bronze,copper and gold
reached the high skill of the Licchavi craftsmen. The few
excavations under taken in the Kathmandu valley have also
brought to light many terra-cotta products of the Licchavi
of painting also played an important part in the Artistic
life of the time. With the exception of a few painted wooden
book cover other examples are yet to be indentified. Finely
executed illustrated manuscripts and pictures on book bindings,
depicting the various forms of the deities of both religions,
have been preserved from the period of transition. The typical
features of the paintings of the period reveal that except
the central character, other figures are mostly depicted in
profile. The headdresses, crowns and other ornaments are portrayed
with a finer sensitivity than in the Licchavi period.
preserved Nepalese paintings date from the 10th and 11th centuries
A.D. These painted manuscript covers and the various manuscript
illustrations display a high level of Artistic skill. The
colors have weathered the centuries well and still retain
the original brilliance. The favorite colors of the Nepalese
painters were yellow, white, indigo, lampblack, green and
vermilion, The paints were made from plants earth and minerals.
The use of natural pigments by the Nepalese continued till
the 19th century. After the 13th century, many 'Paubhas' -
the painted scrolls were painted and they are mostly kept
in temples and shrines. They are primarily painted as objects
of spiritual and religious inspiration displayed on certain
important aspect of Nepalese Art from this period are the
strong influence of Tantrism sculptures. Paintings of the
late Malla period are depicted with symbolic figures and emblems
evidenced the strong influence of Tantrism. Tantrism displays
a true religious harmony and tolerance elaborate and Artistic
ornamentation. The greatest achievements of the late Malla
period lie in the field of architecture. The majority of pagodas,
shrines, temples, and mediavel palaces in the Kathmandu.
and Wood carvings:
of the transitional period can be clearly differentiated from
their predecessors. Those of the transitional period are sumptuous
in their detail, the stress on motion and the figures displaying
a subtle grace. Few bronze sculptures discovered bear remarkable
similarity of execution. The works of Art of the early Malla
period discovered are mainly of stone or metal depicting numerous
deities of both religions. The figures of the period take
on a far more elegant form and the ornamentation. It shows
the influence of Tantrism on the rise. Worship of the Sun
and Moon is expressed in a variety of sculptures. Gold and
bronze statues are embellished with semi precious stones.
as a whole, Nepalese Art reached its zenith during the Iate Malla
period. Bronze work made remarkable progress especially because
of the flourishing trade in Nepalese Art products carried
on with neighboring Tibet.
too, reached its classical peak during the late Malla period.
Many intricately carved windows of the private houses, palaces,
temples and the numerous tympanas in the Kathmandu valley
are the fine examples of the achievements in wood works. The
period also witness the count less roof struts on pagodas
and other edifices, richly decorated with wood splendid carvings.
This period also produced the finest Nepalese examples of
paintings specially the, Paubhas painted scrolls, frescoes
or the wall paintings from the late Malla period.
a few comments on the Art forms in Nepal Stone Sculpture,
bronze - casting, terracotta sculpture and architecture, painting
& temple construction. Stone-sculpture in Nepal can be
traced back to the middle of the 3rd century B.C. Bronze Casting-
In ancient Nepal, the Licchavis already produced attractively
decorated copper coins, bronze gargoyles with gift crocodile
heads provided an unusual attraction in the royal palace.
Jewellery & Stone Carvings:
is endowed with varieties of stones, however, their usage
were traditionally confined to religious, spiritual or sooth-saying
purposes. Nonetheless, their use in ornaments like necklaces,
ear-rings and bangles have been old.
native to Nepal are sapphire, aquamarine, amethyst, ruby,
garnet and tourmaline, among others. The varieties of stones
with handiwork chiseling on them make these stone quite impressive
and fascinating. Native as well as non-indigenous gems are
of good quality.
& Woollen Stuffs:
Shawls (warm woolen stuffs) made from soft, downy and warm
under fur can also be purchased in great variety and color
The wool of high land rare lambs found in Nepal's snow region
is famous for its smooth and warm fur. The stuffs made from
the under fur of these highland lambs are of the best quality,
softer and natural colored, and are expensive than the synthetic
mixed and artificially colored ones.
wool jackets and hand knit yak or sheep (high land animals)
wool sweaters are best-suiting for the trek or to take home